One way to solve this problem is to make more wind farms. Windmills or wind turbines are a perfect solution to create clean and renewable energy because they use the wind to make energy, not burning fossil fuels, which is very bad for the environment. https://www.energy.gov/eere/wind/how-do-wind-turbines-work explains the following information:
First the wind makes the blades of the mill turn around a rotor. This will spin the generator and that will create electricity. Now you may be asking, what if there isn’t any or very little wind? Well, if that’s the case, then the turbine of the windmill creates power. It slowly grows as the wind speed increases. Most types of windmills fall into two categories: Horizontal-Axis and Vertical-Axis turbines. The biggest difference between the two is that in the Horizontal-Axis, which is the most common one with three blades, the blades face into the direction of the wind. However with the Vertical-Axis turbines, they have a more circular shape, the blades don’t need to be pointed towards the wind for the mill to function. Furthermore, wind turbines that are located on the land range in size from 100 kilowatts to several megawatts. Offshore wind turbines are very vast in size and capture ocean winds. When turbines are located near to where their electricity will be used, they are called Distributed wind turbines. These are small turbines, under 100 kilowatts. Lastly, as of the end of 2016, CNBC found that there were over 341,000 wind turbines in the world, and in the same year, the GWEC recorded that the wind turbines helped the earth avoid more than 637 million tonnes of CO2 emissions. In fact, from IEA.org, the US, as of 2018, has produced 2172.52 gigawatts of clean energy, a 31.46% increase from 1990 and in Australia, they have recorded, also as of 2018, 411.55 gigawatts of clean energy, a 161.25% increase from 1990.
The next solution is to get more solar panels. Just like wind turbines, solar panels are a great solution in order to get clean and renewable energy because they use the sun to create energy, not by burning fossil fuels. Solar panels are a great solution too because an average home has more than enough roof space to put enough solar panels so the house gets enough electricity. During the day, the solar panels create power and then are used in the home at night. Some benefits of solar panels are that they are cheaper in terms of getting electricity. If one doesn’t have solar panels, they most likely live in a place that is serviced by a main electric utility grid. As a result, they have to pay for the power lines, poles, etc. However, with the solar panels, they only pay for the panels one time, even if they run for a very long time. Keep in mind, installation of solar panels should most likely be done in a place that is not serviced by a main electric utility grid. Also, solar panels can produce power for over three decades if maintained well. The price for solar panels vary however they have been going down in the last few years. Some can go for around $30.00 while others can go for over $1000.00. There are 92.7 billion solar panels and in 2017, the world used about 23,696 TWh of electricity according to the IEA .
Video on how solar panels work/about them:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xKxrkht7CpY
Here is a 3D printed model of a house that has solar panels and windmills around it. These two solutions are the best ways to achieve clean and renewable energy.